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Nagarhole National Park


Nagarhole Tiger Reserve, formerly known as Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarahole) National Park, is a prominent wildlife sanctuary and tiger reserve located in the state of Karnataka, India. Spanning an expansive area of approximately 847.981 square kilometers, Nagarhole is celebrated for its diverse ecosystems, high-density tiger population, and rich biodiversity.

Historical Evolution:

- 1955: Originating as a Wildlife Sanctuary, covering around 285 sq km under the then Coorg state.
- 1983: Upgraded to Nagarhole National Park, encompassing 571.55 sq km.

- 1986: Included in the 'Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve' alongside Bandipur Tiger Reserve.

- 2000: Designated under 'Project Elephant' due to its significant elephant population.

- 2003: Expanded to 643.392 sq km and attained 'Project Tiger' status, becoming an extension of Bandipur Tiger Reserve.

- 2007: Declared an independent Tiger Reserve, focusing on Core/Critical Tiger Habitat.

- 2012: Buffer Zone (204.589 sq km) added, expanding the total administration area to 847.981 sq km.

Geography and Ecosystem:

- Diverse Landscapes: Nagarhole boasts varied ecosystems, including dense forests, grasslands, streams, and water bodies like Kabini and Taraka reservoirs.
- Connectivity: Serves as a critical connecting habitat for tigers and elephants, linking the Western Ghats through Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary and the Eastern Ghats through Bandipur Tiger Reserve.

Flora and Fauna:

- Rich Biodiversity: Home to a plethora of species, including Bengal tigers, leopards, Asiatic wild dogs, sloth bears, elephants, gaurs, sambar deer, spotted deer, and various other mammals, birds, and reptiles.

- Tiger Conservation: Acclaimed as one of the high-density tiger populations in India, contributing significantly to tiger conservation efforts.

Conservation Initiatives:

- Project Tiger and Project Elephant: Nagarhole plays a pivotal role in both Project Tiger and Project Elephant, emphasizing the conservation of these flagship species.

- Buffer Zone: The addition of a Buffer Zone in 2012 aimed at enhancing conservation efforts and providing a buffer against anthropogenic pressures.

Visitor Experience:

- Tourist Activities: Nagarhole offers a range of safari experiences, including jeep safaris and boat safaris on the Kabini River, providing visitors with opportunities to observe and appreciate the wildlife.

- Birdwatching: The reserve is a paradise for bird enthusiasts, featuring a diverse avian population.

Challenges and Success Stories:

- Conservation Challenges: Nagarhole faces challenges such as habitat fragmentation, human-wildlife conflict, and poaching.

- Success Stories: Despite challenges, Nagarhole has witnessed success stories, with thriving tiger and elephant populations showcasing effective conservation measures.

Future Goals:

- Sustainable Tourism: Ongoing efforts focus on promoting responsible and sustainable tourism to balance conservation and visitor experience.

- Habitat Restoration: The reserve is committed to habitat restoration initiatives, ensuring the long-term health of its ecosystems.


Nagarhole Tiger Reserve stands as a beacon of wildlife conservation, embodying the harmonious coexistence of humans and nature. Its journey from a Wildlife Sanctuary to a vital Tiger Reserve reflects India's commitment to preserving its natural heritage for future generations. Visit Nagarhole to witness the majesty of the wild and contribute to the ongoing efforts in protecting our planet's biodiversity.

Nagarhole Tiger Reserve is located in the state of Karnataka, India. The reserve is accessible by road and is well-connected to major cities and towns in the region. Here's a general guide on how to reach Nagarhole:

By Air:

- Nearest Airport: The nearest airport to Nagarhole is Mysuru Airport (MYQ).
  - Distance: Approximately 100 kilometers.
  - Flights connect Mysuru to major cities like Bangalore.

- Alternate Airport: Another option is the Kempegowda International Airport (BLR) in Bangalore.
  - Distance: Approximately 280 kilometers.
  - Bangalore is well-connected to domestic and international destinations.

By Train:

- Nearest Railway Station: The nearest major railway station is in Mysuru (Mysore).
  - Distance: Approximately 90 kilometers.
  - Mysuru is well-connected by train to various cities in India.

- Road Travel from Mysuru:
  - After reaching Mysuru, you can hire a taxi or use local buses to reach Nagarhole.

By Road:

- From Mysuru:
  - You can hire a taxi or use state-run buses to reach Nagarhole from Mysuru.

- From Bangalore:
  - Nagarhole is around 220 kilometers from Bangalore.
  - You can hire a taxi or use private vehicles.


- Local Transportation: Once you reach Nagarhole, local transportation options include taxis, private cabs, and sometimes resort-provided transportation for safaris and excursions.

- Entry Gates: Nagarhole Tiger Reserve has different entry gates. Ensure you know the specific entry gate based on your accommodation or planned safari.

- Accommodations: Nagarhole offers various accommodations, including wildlife resorts and lodges. It's advisable to book accommodations in advance, especially during peak wildlife tourism seasons.

- Park Timings: Check the park's opening and closing timings, as well as the best seasons for wildlife sightings.

Please note that the information provided is based on the situation as of my last knowledge update in January 2022. It's recommended to verify the current details and plan your trip accordingly.

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