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Satpura Tiger Reserve

Satpura Tiger Reserve is a prominent protected area located in the Satpura Range of Central India, specifically in the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh. Here's a detailed description of Satpura Tiger Reserve:

Satpura Tiger Reserve is situated in the central part of India, covering parts of the Satpura Range in Madhya Pradesh. It encompasses the regions of Hoshangabad, Betul, and Chhindwara districts.

Key Features:
1. Diverse Ecosystems:
 The reserve is characterized by diverse ecosystems, including dense forests, hilly terrains, deep valleys, and numerous water bodies.

2. Flora: The flora of Satpura Tiger Reserve includes a mix of teak, sal, tendu, bamboo, and other deciduous trees. The Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, a part of Satpura, is known for its unique and diverse vegetation.

3. Fauna: The reserve is home to a variety of wildlife, including Bengal tigers, leopards, Indian bison (gaur), sambar deer, spotted deer, wild boars, and various species of primates. The Satpura Tiger Reserve is also recognized for its birdlife.

1. Safari: 
Visitors can explore the reserve through safari options, including jeep safaris, walking safaris, and boat safaris.

2. Trekking: Some parts of the reserve offer trekking opportunities, providing a chance to explore the natural beauty and wildlife on foot.

How to Reach:
The nearest airport is Bhopal Airport, and the nearest railway station is in Itarsi. From these points, one can hire a taxi or use other local transportation to reach the reserve.

Best Time to Visit:
The best time to visit Satpura Tiger Reserve is during the winter months, from October to March, when the weather is pleasant, and wildlife sightings are more frequent.

As travel conditions and regulations may change, it's advisable to check for the latest information and make necessary arrangements before planning a visit to Satpura Tiger Reserve.


The historical timeline you've provided outlines significant milestones in the establishment and development of the Satpura Tiger Reserve:

- 1862: Capt. James Forsyth discovered and explored Pachmarhi.

- 1864: Colonel Pearson introduced fire protection measures.

- 1865: Bori Reserve was created, marking the beginning of systematic scientific forest management.

- 1931: Bori Sanctuary was officially declared.

- 1975: Bori Wildlife Sanctuary came into existence.

- 1977: Pachmarhi Wildlife Sanctuary came into existence.

- 1981: Satpura National Park was notified.

- 1999: Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve was declared, emphasizing the ecological importance of the region.

- 2000: Satpura Tiger Reserve was officially notified and brought under Project Tiger, initially covering an area of 1486.31 (later adjusted to 1501.72

- 2007: The Core Zone or Critical Tiger Habitat was officially notified, designating an area of 1339.26

- 2010: The Buffer Zone was officially notified, covering an area of 794.04

- 2013: Both the Core and Buffer Zones were brought under unified control of the Forest Department.

- 2017: Notification of the Eco-Sensitive Zone, indicating measures to protect the surrounding environment and maintain the ecological balance.

This timeline showcases the evolution of the Satpura Tiger Reserve, from its initial exploration to the establishment of wildlife sanctuaries and, eventually, its recognition as a Tiger Reserve. The various notifications and designations over the years highlight the ongoing efforts to conserve the region's biodiversity and maintain its ecological balance.

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